Joint venture public–private partnerships (PPPs) allow partners to share in the risks and rewards of joint production. But the literature offers little theoretical guidance on assessing performance and accountability in this type of PPP. This article fills this gap by examining joint ventures as PPPs and formulates a comprehensive performance evaluation framework. Its application to the case of Hong Kong’s Disneyland Resort reveals a project that has endured several challenges related to achieving objectives, ensuring cooperation among partners, and upholding principles of democratic accountability. Outcomes from this study offer new insight into an underexplored aspect of PPP research.

Higgins, C.D. & Huque, A.S. (2015). Public Money and Mickey Mouse: Evaluating Performance and Accountability in the Hong Kong Disneyland Joint Venture Public-Private Partnership. Public Management Review17(8), 1103-1123. https://doi.org/10.1080/14719037.2014.881533